Learning objectives

General framework (applicable to all topics in the option)

  1. To what extent do biological, cognitive and socio-cultural factors influence health‑related behaviour?

  2. Evaluate psychological research (that is, theories and/or studies) relevant to health psychology.


  1. Describe stressors.

  2. Discuss physiological, psychological and social aspects of stress.

  3. Evaluate strategies for coping with stress - for example, stress inoculation therapy, hardiness training, yoga and meditation.

Substance abuse, addictive behaviour and obesity

  1. Explain factors related to the development of substance abuse or addictive behaviour.

  2. Examine prevention strategies and treatments for substance abuse and addictive behaviour - for example, family therapy, drugs and biopsychosocial treatments.

  3. Discuss factors related to overeating and the development of obesity.

  4. Discuss prevention strategies and treatments for overeating and obesity.

Health promotion

  1. Examine models and theories of health promotion - for example, health belief model, stages of change model, theory of reasoned action.

  2. Discuss the effectiveness of health promotion strategies  - for example, measurement of outcomes, cultural blindness, cognitive dissonance.

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Comments 2

Natalie Denton 16 January 2018 - 15:09

Hello. I am new to IB and have just started teaching the the Stress module to Y13. The students asked me today if the LO ´Describe stressors´ be used as a 22 mark question? Please could someone explain how that LO works? Thank you in advance :)

John Crane 17 January 2018 - 19:41

Dear Natalie - no, it cannot be asked as a 22 mark question. I am not sure why it is in the guide. Clearly students need to understand/ be able to define "stressors," but they will not be asked this question on an exam.