Human relationships

Learning objectives

General framework (applicable to all topics in the option)

  1. To what extent do biological, cognitive and socio-cultural factors influence human relationships?

  2. Evaluate psychological research (that is, theories and/or studies) relevant to human relationships.

Social responsibility

  1. Distinguish between altruism and prosocial behaviour

  2. Contrast two theories explaining altruism in humans

  3. Using one or more research studies, explain cross-cultural differences in prosocial behaviour

  4. Examine factors influencing bystanderism

Interpersonal relationships

  1. Discuss the role of communication in maintaining relationships

  2. Examine biological, psychological and social origins of attraction.

  3. Explain the role culture plays in the formation and maintenance of relationships

  4. Analyze why relationships may change or end


  1. Evaluate socio-cultural explanations of the origins of violence

  2. Discuss the relative effectiveness of two strategies for reducing violence

  3. Discuss the effects of short-term and long-term exposure to violence

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