Learning objectives

General framework (applicable to all topics in the option)

  1. To what extent do biological, cognitive and socio-cultural factors influence behaviour in sport?

  2. Evaluate psychological research (that is, theories and/or studies) relevant to the study of sport psychology.

Emotion and motivation

  1. Evaluate theories of motivation in sport  - for example, cognitive-evaluation theory, achievement goal theory, self‑efficacy theory.

  2. Using one or more research studies, explain the role of goal‑setting in the motivation of individuals.

  3. Discuss theories relating arousal and anxiety to performance - for example, optimal arousal theory/ inverted U hypothesis, drive theory, reversal theory.

Skill development and performance

  1. Evaluate techniques for skill development used in sport  - for example, repetition, mental imagery, attention control/concentration training.

  2. To what extent does the role of coaches affect individual or team behaviour in sport?

  3. Explain relationships between team cohesion and performance.

  4. Describe aids and barriers to team cohesion.

Problems in sports

  1. Discuss athlete response to stress and chronic injury - for example, stress‑based model, grief reaction response, relaxation techniques.

  2. Examine reasons for using drugs in sport.

  3. Discuss effects of drug use in sport.

  4. Compare models of causes and prevention of burnout - for example, cognitive‑affective stress model, negative training stress model, investment model.

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