5. Sociocultural approach

The IB Psychology course looks at behaviour through three different approaches: biological, cognitive and sociocultural.  In modern psychology, it is understood that these three approaches interact rather than compete to explain behaviour.

This chapter looks at sociocultural explanations of behaviour.  The unit focuses on how groups affect an individual's behaviour as well as how culture affects us.  Conformity will be the focus of the chapter.

Each chapter is divided into smaller sections with quizzes to test for mastery of key vocabulary and "checking for understanding" questions with sample answers to check for broader conceptual understanding.

Image courtesy of yodiyim at FreeDigitalPhotos.net

Chapter 5.1 The individual and the group

This chapter looks at how other people affect our behaviour, even when we think we are acting independently.  The key topics of study are:

  • The relationship between the individual and a group
  • The role of social identity on individual behaviour
  • The role of social cognitive theory in explaining behaviour
  • The origin of stereotypes and their effect on behaviour
  • Research methodology in the sociocultural approach
  • Ethical considerations in sociocultural research
Image courtesy of KROMKRATHOG at FreeDigitalPhotos.net

Chapter 5.2 Culture, behaviour and cognition

This chapter looks at how culture affects not only how we behave, but how we think and remember. The key topics of study are:

  • Definitions of culture
  • How psychologists study culture
  • The role of culture on cognition
  • Cultural dimensions and behaviour
  • Enculturation and acculturation - and their effect on identity

HL Extension Globalization and identity

HL students are asked to delve a bit deeper into how globalization affects one's individual identity.  The key topics of study are

  • Effects of globalization on identity
  • Effects of globalization on attitudes
  • Effects of globalization on behaviour
  • How researchers study globalization
All materials on this website are for the exclusive use of teachers and students at subscribing schools for the period of their subscription. Any unauthorised copying or posting of materials on other websites is an infringement of our copyright and could result in your account being blocked and legal action being taken against you.

Comments 4

Jon Lawrence 21 August 2018 - 02:03

Hi, I cannot copy and paste from inthinking anymore. this is a problem because I cannot give the information to my students, such as the studies on the website?

Thanks Jon

John Crane 22 August 2018 - 05:08

See my reply on the other page you posted on.

aradhana chhikara 17 September 2018 - 05:48

Hi
Can you please clarify if Compliance is included in the syllabus? It appears as Conformity and/or Compliance in the psychology guide.
I am not sure if both are to be taught or just conformity.
Thanks

John Crane 18 September 2018 - 05:26

Dear Aradhana

The material in the final column of the table is only a suggestion. I chose to do conformity but not compliance. If you would like to teach compliance, that would also be possible, but there will not be any direct questions on either conformity or compliance. Questions will ask about research methods or ethics - or about the effect of culture on behaviour. This is how this material may be used.